Mt. LeConte (via Bullhead Trail)
|Trail Features:||Panoramic Views|
|Trail Location:||Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail|
|Roundtrip Length:||14.4 Miles|
|Total Elevation Gain:||3993 Feet|
|Avg. Elev Gain / Mile:||555 Feet|
|Highest Elevation:||6593 Feet|
|Trail Difficulty Rating:||22.39 (strenuous)|
|Parking Lot Latitude||35.67582|
|Parking Lot Longitude||-83.48527|
Important notice: As a result of the November 2016 wildfire, the Bullhead Trail is currently closed, and is likely to remain closed for an extended period. On November 23, 2016 two juvenile arsonists started a wildfire near the Chimney Tops summit. By November 28th the fire grew to 500 acres. After several months of exceptional drought conditions, and winds gusts reaching more than 80 mph that afternoon, the fire literally exploded. Over the next several hours it burned almost 18,000 acres, including 11,410 acres within Great Smoky Mountains National Park. From Chimney Tops the fire raced north, passing around the edges of downtown Gatlinburg and reaching the outskirts of Pigeon Forge. Before it was brought under control the fire killed 14 people, injured more than 176 people, and damaged or destroyed at least 2460 structures at a cost of more than $500 million. For the most up-to-date information on trail closures in the park, please visit this park page.
Directions to Trailhead:
Starting from Light 8 in Gatlinburg, turn onto Historic Nature Trail / Airport Road. After driving 0.7 miles veer right onto Cherokee Orchard Road, where you'll enter Great Smoky Mountain National Park. After driving another 2.2 miles you'll enter the one-way Cherokee Orchard Loop Road. After driving roughly 0.6 miles on the loop, the Bullhead Trailhead will be located on your right. If this parking lot is full, there's an auxiliary parking area about a tenth-of-a-mile further down the road.
If you're trying to decide between the Rainbow Falls Trail and the Bullhead Trail as to which route to take to the summit of Mt. LeConte, I would recommend taking the Bullhead Trail because of the views along the way, unless of course you specifically want to see Rainbow Falls. However, because this trail is much more exposed than Rainbow Falls, Bullhead can be a fairly hot hike in the summer, especially along the ridge that leads from Balsam Point to Mount LeConte.
If you're looking to create a loop hike, especially during the summer, I would definitely hike up the Rainbow Falls Trail, and then descend along the Bullhead Trail.
Just before turning into the parking lot you may have noticed a locked gate blocking an old gravel road. This gate marks the trailhead for the Bullhead Trail. Hikers will have to follow this gravel road, which is actually the Old Sugarlands Trail, for approximately four-tenths of mile before turning left onto the Bullhead Trail.
At just over a mile from the parking lot the trail begins to ascend more rapidly as you climb the Bullhead, a heath-covered bald that extends off Balsam Point. Standing at an elevation of roughly 4300 feet, the bald received its name due to its supposed resemblance to a bulls head from a distance. Over the next mile or so you'll pass several rock cliff faces, and at roughly 1.5 miles from the trailhead, will pass two small caves created by overhanging rocks.
After climbing up to the backside of Bullhead the trail begins to level off and you'll begin to catch a few glimpses of the surrounding mountains. Balsam Point will come into view almost directly in front you. Over the course of the next two miles the trail will lead you up the north face of this mountain, before exiting onto the ridge to the right of the mountain (see the photo above).
At almost 3 miles from the trailhead hikers will pass a large cairn that was likely built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930's. By standing on this table of rocks you'll enjoy some decent views of the mountains towards the east and northeast, including Brushy Mountain and the Greenbrier Valley.
Hikers will exit Balsam Point and onto the aforementioned ridge at roughly 5.3 miles. For the next half-mile or so you'll have some great views towards the north. To catch the best view of the mountains to the south you'll have to look to your right, just as the trail levels off and begins traversing the ridge.
At roughly 6.3 miles you'll arrive at the Rainbow Falls Trail junction. Hikers should proceed straight ahead here to continue towards the summit of Mt. LeConte. After walking another four-tenths of a mile you'll reach the Alum Cave Trail, which branches off to the right. Hikers should proceed straight ahead here.
After walking a short distance past the junction you'll arrive at the outskirts of the LeConte Lodge area. A short side trail on the left will lead you down to the main lodge. Many people will be tempted to end their hike here, however, to reach the true summit of Mount LeConte you'll still have to continue for almost another half-mile. If you simply wish to take-in some panoramic views, your best option is to turn right at this junction, which will lead you to Cliff Top, located roughly two-tenths of a mile further up the mountain (see photo below).
Before reaching the summit the Trillium Gap Trail will branch off to your left at 6.9 miles. The summit, better known as High Top, will arrive at the 7.2-mile mark. You'll know you've reached the highest point on the mountain when you reach the huge cairn just off the main trail on your right.
At 6593 feet, Mount LeConte is the third highest peak in the Smokies. However, measured from its immediate base to its highest point, Mt. LeConte can be considered the tallest mountain in the Eastern United States, rising 5301 feet from its base near Gatlinburg.
There is considerable controversy over which member of the LeConte family the mountain was named for. Most people, including the USGS, assume that Joseph LeConte, the famous geologist and charter member of the Sierra Club, is who the mountain was named for. However, that claim has been challenged in recent years. The authors of A Natural History of Mount Le Conte, and the Georgia Encyclopedia, both claim the name honors Joseph's older brother, John, who was famous as a scientist and as president of the University of California, at Berkeley.
Unfortunately you won't have any vistas from High Top. However, there are two places on the mountain that do afford some outstanding panoramic views. One is at Myrtle Point.
To reach Myrtle Point you'll have to walk another 0.4 miles by continuing along the main path, which has now turned into the Boulevard Trail. Roughly 0.2 miles from High Top you'll reach a spur trail on the right side of the trail. After turning onto the spur, walk another 0.2 miles to reach Myrtle Point. This vantage point provides nearly 360-degree views, and is the best location for sunrises on Mt. LeConte.
The other place to visit for outstanding views is Cliff Top, which is located near the LeConte Lodge. You will have passed two side trails that lead to Cliff Top, on your right, as you made your way up to High Top. Cliff Top is the best location for sunset views.
One of the unique aspects about the hike to Mt. LeConte is the lodge and overnight cabins near the top of the mountain. Hikers will have the option of spending the night in one of the historic cabins on the site, which in total can accommodate up to 50 guests a night (you'll need to make reservations well in advance). For more information you can visit the LeConte Lodge website. Hikers may also want to note that the lodge now offers a variety of baked goods, beverages and sack lunches to day hikers.
The idea for the lodge came about when Paul Adams, an enthusiastic hiker and explorer, led an expedition up the mountain with some dignitaries from Washington D.C. to show them the rugged beauty of the Great Smoky Mountains, and to help promote the cause for national park status. The group spent the night in a large tent. The following year Adams would build a cabin on that same spot, which eventually led to the establishment of the LeConte Lodge. Adams is also credited with helping to blaze the trail from Alum Cave to the summit of Mount LeConte.