Mount LeConte (via Trillium Gap)
|Trail Features:||Panoramic Views, Waterfalls|
|Trail Location:||Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail|
|Roundtrip Length:||13.9 Miles|
|Total Elevation Gain:||3401 Feet|
|Avg. Elev Gain / Mile:||489 Feet|
|Highest Elevation:||6593 Feet|
|Trail Difficulty Rating:||20.70 (strenuous)|
|Parking Lot Latitude||35.68037|
|Parking Lot Longitude||-83.46243|
Directions to Trailhead:
Starting from Light 8 in Gatlinburg turn onto Historic Nature Trail / Airport Road. After driving 0.7 miles veer right onto Cherokee Orchard Road, upon which you'll enter into Great Smoky Mountain National Park. After driving another 2.2 miles you'll enter the one-way Cherokee Orchard Loop Road. Drive 0.9 miles on the loop before turning right onto the Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail. The parking area for the Trillium Gap Trail will be on the left side of the road after driving roughly 1.6 miles on this one-way road. The trailhead is located just beyond the parking area on the opposite side of the road. Due to the popularity of this trail, there are additional parking spaces further up the road. Your best bet is to arrive early during the peak visitor season.
To reach Mount LeConte you'll be following the Trillium Gap Trail for almost the entire length of your hike. The first section of trail is technically an access trail. At 0.15 miles you'll link up with the Trillium Gap Trail. Hikers should proceed straight ahead at this junction.
The lower portion of the trail meanders through a beautiful old-growth forest, including many large hemlocks. If you have the opportunity to hike this trail during the spring you'll likely witness a smorgasbord of wildflowers along the route. Look for white and yellow trillium, white violets, stitchwort, squawcorn and Dutchman's breeches that are common in this area.
For the most part the trail to Grotto Falls, your first destination, is a gentle climb along a wide, well-worn path.
At 1.3 miles you'll reach Grotto Falls, the only waterfall in the park that a person can actually walk behind. The 25-foot high waterfall offers a cool, shady, moist retreat for summer hikers. Similar to the Rainbow Falls Trail, the trail to Grotto Falls can be quite busy during peak seasons, however, beyond the falls, the crowds thin considerably.
As you walk behind the falls you'll not only hear, but also feel the thunderous power of the water plunging into the pool in front of you. Watch your step here - especially in the winter - as the area surrounding the falls is perpetually wet and slick.
To reach Mt. LeConte hikers should continue beyond the falls.
At just over 3 miles you'll arrive at Trillium Gap (picture on the left) and the junction with the Brushy Mountain Trail. A turn to the left and a short hike of roughly one-third of a mile will lead you to the summit of Brushy Mountain, a place that offers outstanding views of Mount LeConte and the entire eastern flank of the Great Smoky Mountains. Continuing straight ahead at this junction will lead you down to the Greenbrier area via the Brushy Mountain Trail. To proceed towards the summit of Mount LeConte, hikers should turn right at this junction.
Don't be surprised if you run into a pack train of llamas between Trillium Gap and the summit. This section of trail is traveled three times a week by llamas as they transport supplies to the LeConte Lodge.
At roughly 6.6 miles the trail dead-ends into the Rainbow Falls Trail. Just prior to reaching this junction you will have passed the LeConte Lodge on your right. For many people the Lodge marks the end of the trail; however, to reach the actual summit of LeConte, you'll still have to walk another three-tenths of a mile. Hikers should turn left at this junction to visit the summit.
The summit, better known as High Top, will arrive at the 6.9-mile mark. You'll know you've reached the highest point on the mountain when you reach the large cairn, just off the main trail on your right.
At 6593 feet, Mount LeConte is the third highest peak in the Smokies. However, measured from its immediate base to its highest point, Mt. LeConte can be considered the tallest mountain in the Eastern United States, rising 5301 feet from its base near Gatlinburg.
There is considerable controversy over which member of the LeConte family the mountain was named for. Most people, including the USGS, assume that Joseph LeConte, the famous geologist and charter member of the Sierra Club, is the man for whom the mountain was named. However, that claim has been challenged in recent years. The authors of A Natural History of Mount Le Conte, and the Georgia Encyclopedia, both claim the name honors Joseph's older brother, John, who was famous as a scientist and as president of the University of California, at Berkeley.
Unfortunately you won't have any vistas from High Top. However, there are two places on the mountain that do afford some outstanding panoramic views. One is at Myrtle Point.
To reach Myrtle Point you'll have to walk another 0.4 miles by continuing along the main path, which has now turned into the Boulevard Trail. Roughly 0.2 miles from High Top you'll reach a spur trail on the right side of the trail. After turning onto the spur, walk another 0.2 miles to reach Myrtle Point. This vantage point provides nearly 360-degree views, and is the best location for sunrises on Mt. LeConte.
The other place to visit for outstanding views is Cliff Top, which is located near the LeConte Lodge. You will have passed two side trails that lead to Cliff Top, on your right, as you made your way up to High Top. Cliff Top is the best location for sunsets.
One of the unique aspects about the hike to Mt. LeConte is the lodge and overnight cabins at the top. Hikers will have the option of spending the night in one of the historic cabins on the site, which in total can accommodate up to 50 guests a night (you'll need to make reservations well in advance). For more information you can visit the LeConte Lodge website.
The idea for the lodge came about when Paul Adams, an enthusiastic hiker and explorer, led an expedition up the mountain with some dignitaries from Washington to show them the rugged beauty of the Great Smoky Mountains, and to help promote the cause for national park status. The group spent the night in a large tent. The following year Adams would build a cabin on that same spot, which eventually led to the establishment of the LeConte Lodge. Adams is also credited with helping to blaze the trail from Alum Cave to the summit of Mount LeConte.
In 2011 the Trillium Gap Trail itself achieved a bit of fame. On July 6th of that year, Ashrita Furman became the first person to climb Mt. LeConte on stilts, and in the process, set the Guinness Book of World Records for the highest vertical height walked on stilts. Using peg stilts made of rubber tubing that were 40.5 inches in total height, and 18 inches from the ground to his ankle, Mr. Furman made the 4018-foot climb in 3 hours and 45 minutes. Mr. Furman also holds the record for holding the most Guinness World Records.
Please note that the road to the Grotto Falls trailhead is closed in the winter. However, during the winter months, you can still hike to Mt. LeConte via Trillium Gap by starting your hike from the Trillium Gap Trailhead near the Rainbow Falls Trailhead. This will add another 3.4 miles to your roundtrip hike.